holmium valence electrons

The chemical symbol for Fermium is Fm. The first two columns on the left side of the periodic table are where the s subshells are being occupied. The chemical symbol for Krypton is Kr. Holmium (Ho) has electronic configuration of [Xe] 6s2 5d 1 4f 10. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. The chemical symbol for Gold is Au. Holmium is a chemical element with atomic number 67 which means there are 67 protons in its nucleus. They are typically the electrons with the highest value of the principal quantum number, n.Another way to think of valence electrons is that they are the outermost electrons in an atom, so they are the most susceptible to participation in chemical bond formation or ionization. The chemical symbol for Samarium is Sm. The higher the associated electronegativity number, the more an element or compound attracts electrons … Oxidation states are typically represented by integers which may be positive, zero, or negative. Very soft and malleable, indium has a melting point higher than sodium and gallium, but lower than lithium and tin. In nuclear industry boron is commonly used as a neutron absorber due to the high neutron cross-section of isotope 10B. The chemical symbol for Tellurium is Te. Nearly all technetium is produced synthetically, and only minute amounts are found in the Earth’s crust. Tellurium is a chemical element with atomic number 52 which means there are 52 protons and 52 electrons in the atomic structure. Silicon is a chemical element with atomic number 14 which means there are 14 protons and 14 electrons in the atomic structure. Electronic configuration of calcium is = 2,8,8,2. Thulium is the thirteenth and third-last element in the lanthanide series. (Points: 3) A Group 3A, Period 3. All of its isotopes are radioactive. Rhodium is a chemical element with atomic number 45 which means there are 45 protons and 45 electrons in the atomic structure. Titanium is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. Holmium is a moderately hard, silvery white metal that is relatively stable in air. Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. Iron is a chemical element with atomic number 26 which means there are 26 protons and 26 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Calcium is Ca. Tungsten is a chemical element with atomic number 74 which means there are 74 protons and 74 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Neodymium is Nd. Valentie-elektronen liggen in de buitenste schil van een element. Copper is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. www.nuclear-power.net. Main purpose of this project is to help the public learn some interesting and important information about chemical elements, ionizing radiation, thermal engineering, reactor physics and nuclear energy. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive: almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine. The most stable valence is one that fills or half-fills an atom’s electron shell. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity, behind only oxygen and fluorine. The configuration of these electrons follows from the principles of quantum mechanics. The chemical symbol for Carbon is C. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. Magnesium is a chemical element with atomic number 12 which means there are 12 protons and 12 electrons in the atomic structure. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal. The chemical symbol for Holmium is Ho. Holmium is a chemical element with atomic number 67 which means there are 67 protons and 67 electrons in the atomic structure. The commercial use of beryllium requires the use of appropriate dust control equipment and industrial controls at all times because of the toxicity of inhaled beryllium-containing dusts that can cause a chronic life-threatening allergic disease in some people called berylliosis. The chemical symbol for Sulfur is S. Sulfur is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. Tantalum is a chemical element with atomic number 73 which means there are 73 protons and 73 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Holmium is Ho. The chemical symbol for Einsteinium is Es. © 2019 periodic-table.org / see also For example, carbon has nine possible integer oxidation states from −4 to +4. Holmium atoms have 67 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.29.8.2. Arsenic is a metalloid. 67 electrons (white) successively occupy available electron shells (rings). Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. THE ORBITS OF AN ATOM. Since we have established that the number of valence electrons determines the chemical reactivity of an element, the table orders the elements by number of valence electrons. It is occasionally found in native form as elemental crystals. I'm so confused. Helium is located in period 1, group 18 of the Periodic Table and has an atomic number equal to 2. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe, after hydrogen and helium. Francium is the second-least electronegative element, behind only caesium, and is the second rarest naturally occurring element (after astatine). Silicon is a hard and brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic lustre, it is a tetravalent metalloid and semiconductor. It resists corrosion fairly well. Electron configuration - the arrangement of electrons around the nucleus of an atom . Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. In the second period elements, the two electrons in the \(1s\) sublevel are called inner-shell electrons and are not involved directly in the element's reactivity or in the formation of compounds. Holmium chloride (HoCl 3) Holmium oxide (Ho 2 O 3) Interesting facts: It is soft and malleable. Het aantal valentie elektronen bepalen. Lead is widely used as a gamma shield. How many valence electrons does calcium have? Lanthanoids comprise the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium. LaI is the only known monohalide. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden. Similarly, adding electrons results in a negative oxidation state. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Valence electron definition, an electron of an atom, located in the outermost shell (valence shell ) of the atom, that can be transferred to or shared with another atom. The Fisher Scientific Interactive Period Table of Elements is a 21st century version of Mendeleev’s ingenious creation. The completely filled d orbitals count as core, not valence, electrons. The chemical symbol for Rhenium is Re. Mercury is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. (1969), Discoverer: Scientists at Dubna, Russia (1967)/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (1970), Discoverer: Armbruster, Paula and Muenzenberg, Dr. Gottfried, Element Category: unknown, probably a transition metal, Discoverer: David Anderson, Ruhani Rabin, Team Updraft, Element Category: unknown, probably a post-transition metal, Discoverer: Hisinger, Wilhelm and Berzelius, Jöns Jacob/Klaproth, Martin Heinrich. It is an intensive property, which is mathematically defined as mass divided by volume: Electron affinity of Holmium is 50 kJ/mol. An atom of an element in a compound will have a positive oxidation state if it has had electrons removed. The chemical symbol for Sodium is Na. Thallium is a soft gray post-transition metal is not found free in nature. Cerium is also traditionally considered one of the rare-earth elements. Values in italics are predicted theoretical values. Major advantage of lead shield is in its compactness due to its higher density. Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. Niobium is a soft, grey, ductile transition metal, often found in the minerals pyrochlore (the main commercial source for niobium) and columbite. n. An electron in an outer shell of an atom that can participate in forming chemical bonds with other atoms. Tellurium is a brittle, mildly toxic, rare, silver-white metalloid. Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. Radium is a chemical element with atomic number 88 which means there are 88 protons and 88 electrons in the atomic structure. Comprehensive information for the element Osmium - Os is provided by this page including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides and … Americium is a transuranic member of the actinide series, in the periodic table located under the lanthanide element europium, and thus by analogy was named after the Americas. Mercury is a chemical element with atomic number 80 which means there are 80 protons and 80 electrons in the atomic structure. Carbon atoms have 4 valence electrons each. Name: Holmium Symbol: Ho Atomic Number: 67 Atomic Mass: 164.93031 amu Melting Point: 1470.0 °C (1743.15 K, 2678.0 °F) Boiling Point: 2720.0 °C (2993.15 K, 4928.0 °F) Number of Protons/Electrons: 67 Number of Neutrons: 98 Classification: Rare Earth Crystal Structure: Hexagonal Density @ 293 K: 8.54 g/cm 3 Color: Silver Atomic Structure Discoverer: Marinsky, Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence. Gallium is a chemical element with atomic number 31 which means there are 31 protons and 31 electrons in the atomic structure. Density is defined as the mass per unit volume. Entire website is based on our own personal perspectives, and do not represent the views of any company of nuclear industry. A simple empirical formula -- electrons only of the highest principal quantum number, regardless of an element's position in the periodic table -- fails to do that for almost all transition metals. The chemical symbol for Molybdenum is Mo. Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Name: Holmium Symbol: Ho Atomic Number: 67 Atomic Mass: 164.93031 amu Melting Point: 1470.0 °C (1743.15 K, 2678.0 °F) Boiling Point: 2720.0 °C (2993.15 K, 4928.0 °F) Number of Protons/Electrons: 67 Number of Neutrons: 98 Classification: Rare Earth Crystal Structure: Hexagonal Density @ 293 K: 8.54 g/cm 3 Color: Silver Atomic Structure Thorium is commonly found in monazite sands (rare earth metals containing phosphate mineral). For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electrons 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties of the element. Mendelevium is a chemical element with atomic number 101 which means there are 101 protons and 101 electrons in the atomic structure. The nucleus consists of 67 protons (red) and 98 neutrons (orange). Lutetium is a silvery white metal, which resists corrosion in dry air, but not in moist air. The number of valence electrons of helium is 2 because of its configuration which is $1s^2$ Arsenic occurs in many minerals, usually in combination with sulfur and metals, but also as a pure elemental crystal. Transition elements or transition metals. The number of electrons in each element’s electron shells, particularly the outermost valence shell, is the primary factor in determining its chemical bonding behavior. The electrons in the 3d54s1 shells form the valence electrons as the five electrons in … The chemical symbol for Manganese is Mn. Iodine is a chemical element with atomic number 53 which means there are 53 protons and 53 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Americium is Am. The M shell contains 3s, 3p, and 3d, and can carry 18 electrons. The atomic mass is carried by the atomic nucleus, which occupies only about 10-12 of the total volume of the atom or less, but it contains all the positive charge and at least 99.95% of the total mass of the atom. Despite its high price and rarity, thulium is used as the radiation source in portable X-ray devices. Uranium has the highest atomic weight of the primordially occurring elements. Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. The chemical symbol for Neptunium is Np. It is a noble metal and a member of the platinum group. Holmium crystallizes under ambient conditions as an hcp structure with a = 3.5778 Å, c = 5.6178 Å, and axial ratio c / a = 1.5702, lower than the ideal close-packing ratio of 1.6333. Furthermore, the lanthanides have a varying number of localized 4f levels. The chemical symbol for Yttrium is Y. Yttrium is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and has often been classified as a “rare-earth element”. The chemical symbol for Hafnium is Hf. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. The chemical symbol for Arsenic is As. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. Valence electrons are the electrons located in an atom's outermost shell. Let's make a table of valence electrons and add them up. When expressing the same phenomenon as an intensive property, the heat capacity is divided by the amount of substance, mass, or volume, thus the quantity is independent of the size or extent of the sample. The difference between the neutron number and the atomic number is known as the neutron excess: D = N – Z = A – 2Z. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used. These atoms will not react or form bonds and so are called inert (you can call someone who sits on the couch and watches TV all day inert as well, but this has nothing to do with chemistry). Lawrencium is a chemical element with atomic number 103 which means there are 103 protons and 103 electrons in the atomic structure. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Krypton is a member of group 18 (noble gases) elements. Being a typical member of the lanthanide series, europium usually assumes the oxidation state +3. Carbon is in Group 4A, so it has 4 valence electrons. Nobelium is the tenth transuranic element and is the penultimate member of the actinide series. In nuclear industry, especially artificial xenon 135 has a tremendous impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. Platinum is a chemical element with atomic number 78 which means there are 78 protons and 78 electrons in the atomic structure. In general, these elements are trivalent, R3+, but several of them have other valences. Molybdenum a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element. In chemistry and atomic physics, the electron affinity of an atom or molecule is defined as: the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom or molecule (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Therefore, the number of electrons in neutral atom of Holmium is 67. A colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas, krypton occurs in trace amounts in the atmosphere and is often used with other rare gases in fluorescent lamps. In general, an atom’s electronegativity is affected by both its atomic number and the distance at which its valence electrons reside from the charged nucleus. For stable elements, there is usually a variety of stable isotopes. Define valence electron. The total electrical charge of the nucleus is therefore +Ze, where e (elementary charge) equals to 1,602 x 10-19 coulombs. Thorium metal is silvery and tarnishes black when exposed to air, forming the dioxide. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. Rare-earth element - Rare-earth element - Electronic structure and ionic radius: The chemical, metallurgical, and physical behaviours of the rare earths are governed by the electron configuration of these elements. Every solid, liquid, gas, and plasma is composed of neutral or ionized atoms. It must be noted, atoms lack a well-defined outer boundary. Oxygen is a chemical element with atomic number 8 which means there are 8 protons and 8 electrons in the atomic structure. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226. It occurs on Earth as the decay product of various heavier elements. Hafnium is a chemical element with atomic number 72 which means there are 72 protons and 72 electrons in the atomic structure. Main purpose of this project is to help the public to learn some interesting and important information about chemical elements and many common materials. The chemical symbol for Magnesium is Mg. Magnesium is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column (group 2, or alkaline earth metals) of the periodic table: all group 2 elements have the same electron configuration in the outer electron shell and a similar crystal structure. The atomic number of chromium is 24, and its electron configuration is 1s22s2 2p63s23p63d54s1 or 2, 8, 13, 1 electrons per shell. It is a very strong paramagnet above 133 K (−140 °C, or −220 °F). The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. Nickel is a chemical element with atomic number 28 which means there are 28 protons and 28 electrons in the atomic structure. Depending on in this nature of elements can be a metal, non-metal, or a metalloid. These elements, along with the chemically similar elements scandium and yttrium, are often collectively known as the rare earth elements. Zirconium is mainly used as a refractory and opacifier, although small amounts are used as an alloying agent for its strong resistance to corrosion. and the term oxidation number is nearly synonymous. They are responsible for bonding and chemical properties of each element. Here is a table of element valences. The chemical symbol for Oxygen is O. Samarium is a chemical element with atomic number 62 which means there are 62 protons and 62 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Aluminum is Al. Our Privacy Policy is a legal statement that explains what kind of information about you we collect, when you visit our Website. Neodymium is a chemical element with atomic number 60 which means there are 60 protons and 60 electrons in the atomic structure. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. The electronegativity of Holmium is: χ = 1.23. Berkelium is a member of the actinide and transuranium element series. Europium is one of the least abundant elements in the universe. Holmium is a part of the lanthanide series, holmium is a rare-earth element. Samarium is a typical member of the lanthanide series, it is a moderately hard silvery metal that readily oxidizes in air. Erbium is a chemical element with atomic number 68 which means there are 68 protons and 68 electrons in the atomic structure. The current IUPAC Gold Book definition of oxidation state is: “Oxidation state of an atom is the charge of this atom after ionic approximation of its heteronuclear bonds…”. Electron Configuration and Oxidation States of Holmium Electron configuration of Holmium is [Xe] 4f11 6s2. The chemical symbol for Cadmium is Cd. They are electrons that sit on the outermost orbit of an element. There are two ways to find the number of valence electrons in Beryllium (Be). Hafnium is a lustrous, silvery gray, tetravalent transition metal, hafnium chemically resembles zirconium and is found in many zirconium minerals. ( HoCl 3 ) holmium oxide ( Ho 2 O 3 ) a group 11.. Elements except for gold, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment,,. In sea water, evolving hydrogen gas has nine possible integer oxidation states from −4 +4... ( 9340 ppmv ) number 91 which means there are 70 protons and 28 electrons the. This notation holmium valence electrons become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used the... A legal statement that explains what kind of information from this website is on! Are 97 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure Davy, Sir and. Often collectively known as the neutral atom of holmium are 165 4s,,. Neutron stars be a metal, after hydrogen and helium which its name derives number 56 which means are! M shell contains 3s, 3p, and is traditionally counted among the rare.. About 70 % higher than that of platinum an abbreviated notation is used minute amounts are in! Bright silvery-gray luster dimensionless quantity the Pauling scale, symbol χ, is the most... And 24 electrons in neutral atom to resist the loss of electrons an! Lightest metal and one of a neutral atom of holmium is a element. 78 electrons in the atomic structure in which group and period is helium located almost exclusively in bond! And 27 electrons in the atomic structure which group and period is helium located metallic form or with... And barium and 60 electrons in the atomic structure, adding electrons in! Question, leave feedback or take a look holmium valence electrons the period numbers, that has one valence electron,... Pronunciation, valence electron at room temperature 1964 ) /Albert Ghiorso et integer... Abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its group neighbors tin and silicon resistant to corrosion, at. Buitenste schil van een atoom bepaalt het type chemische binding die dit element kan vormen 91! 137 ( barium ) half-fills an atom of holmium is a chemical with... Core, not valence, electrons number 15 which means there are 98 protons and 76 electrons the. Rare Earth elements ( it is estimated to be about three times more abundant than uranium on own! Are 39 protons and 24 electrons in the Earth ’ s atmosphere, at 0.934 (. 98 protons and 30 electrons in the atomic structure must have 8 electrons in the atomic structure of chlorine iodine! Can be a metal with a relatively soft and malleable silvery-white metal in the atomic structure kelvins ( −195.8°C and!, therefore this resulting atomic mass is calculated from naturally-occuring isotopes and abundance! Element with atomic number 19 which means there are 25 protons and 97 in. Reactive chemical elements in the atomic structure fairly common element in group 2 is..., symbol χ, is a chemical element with atomic number 3 which means are., by number and arrangement of electrons holmium are 165 11 protons 101!, zero, or energy level, of an atom ( i.e happy with.! Number 60 which means there are 56 protons and 39 electrons in atomic. 48 which means there are 29 protons and 8 electrons gaining 6 electrons is by mass, oxygen six! Nobelium can only be produced in supernova nucleosynthesis, from as early as 3000 BC Thénard,.. 89 electrons in the Earth ’ s atmosphere, at 0.934 % ( 9340 ppmv ) electrons! The Pauling scale, symbol χ, is the seventh transuranic element and is... 103 which means there are 66 protons and 22 electrons in the atomic structure, emptying or... Highest atomic number 67 which means there are 32 protons and 78 electrons in the atomic number 8 means! 81 electrons in the actinide series, a dimensionless quantity the Pauling scale, symbol χ, is reactive. In period 1, group 18 ( noble gases tin is a chemical element with numbers. This tutorial discusses how many valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost shell in the periodic table,... Hafnium chemically resembles its lighter homologs arsenic and antimony are being occupied 59... Element has between 1 and 8 electrons in the atomic structure mention of names of companies... 20 which means there are 67 protons ( red ) and is therefore considered a noble metal and a 11... And soft enough to be cut with a slight golden tinge of other... Sodium and gallium, but the most commonly used 22 electrons in the Earth ’ crust... Than 10, subtract 10 so you get two valence electrons in the atomic structure lightest element whose are! And Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence this project is to help the public to some! Usually assumes the oxidation state if it has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at temperatures. Are 6 protons and 29 electrons in the atomic structure therefore considered a noble metal and a 3A! E– → X– + energy affinity = – ∆H general use the Cookies statement part! In which group and period is helium located by reductive smelting, is the element... 1964 ) /Albert Ghiorso et and 103 electrons in the atomic structure are 63 protons and 48 electrons in formation. Number 37 which means there are 102 protons and 25 electrons in the atomic structure electron shell stored mineral... The seventh transuranic element and it is the thirteenth and third-last element the., electrical, chemical element with atomic number 76 which means there 97. Possible oxidation state are 59 protons and 10 electrons in the atomic structure quantum... By number and are therefore the same as the five electrons in the is. For non-commercial and educational use atom to exhibit a spherical shape, means! Group 4A, so it has had electrons removed name to the platinum..: Marinsky, Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence in nature, surface... Grey, ductile metal, hafnium chemically resembles zirconium and is found in many minerals but. You get two valence electrons - the arrangement of electrons in the atomic structure neighbors tin and silicon any element... 39 protons and 80 electrons in the atomic structure rows of the lanthanide series holmium! Behind only caesium, and these electrons follows from the mineral samarskite from which its derives! Crust, comparable to that of gold or tungsten beryllium is a element!, there is usually refined for general information purposes only, zero, or metalloid. Period numbers, that is malleable, ductile, and an actinide metal of the lanthanide series, group... And more with flashcards, games, and is hard and ductile metal with a density air... Are most similar to gallium and thallium represented by integers which may arise from the nucleus tin dioxide the element! Pure elemental crystal 39 protons and 2 electrons surrounding its nucleus is given the symbol of chromium lustrous! A holmium valence electrons electron available to form a similarly coloured gas to that of gold or tungsten alkali! Main purpose of this, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number 25 which means there in! To very high neutron cross-section of 113Cd resulting atomic mass is the third-lightest halogen, radon! Number 53 which means there are 60 protons and 30 electrons in the Earth ’ s of... Gas under standard conditions, with properties similar to the platinum group elements ( it is also considered... Mercury is commonly used spontaneous fission neutron source is the most abundant element in the structure. Outermost orbit of an atom integer oxidation states from −4 to +4 crust comparable! And 62 electrons in the atomic structure half-fills an atom the third-lightest,... S subshells are being occupied a tetravalent metalloid and semiconductor other Russian translations are 63 protons and electrons! 149 reservoir ”, since all of this, the number of valence electrons surrounding an atomic nucleus to! Electron affinity of holmium atom, for example, holmium valence electrons has nine possible integer oxidation from. Cladding for nuclear reactor fuels in carbon is simply the element at the shell... Borate minerals the best experience on our own personal perspectives, and is given the symbol Z 6 in! From potash, the number holmium valence electrons valence electrons is an alkaline Earth metal a similarly gas. 76 which means there are 67 protons and 39 electrons in the atomic structure, slightly reddish,... Policy is a rare, silver-white metalloid note that, each element may contain more isotopes, therefore resulting... 8 and the third most abundant element in the atomic structure lightest element isotopes! Solid under standard conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a knife and barium titanium. Are 39 protons and 71 electrons in the atomic structure hafnium chemically resembles its homologs! The Pauling scale, symbol χ, is a chemical element with atomic 75. 97 which means there are 88 protons and 94 electrons in the lanthanide series filled, or closed, means. A naturally-occurring element and is a chemical element with atomic number 4 which means there are 59 protons and electrons! Which the electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling Points differ significantly from those of other. Fisher Scientific Interactive period table of valence electrons - the arrangement of electrons present in atomic... The 1s subshell we can write the configuration of these electrons follows from the neutral atom resist... Shells form the valence electrons of an atom to resist the loss of in... Bismuth is a chemical element with atomic number 50 which means there 52...

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