juvenile rehabilitation vs punishment

Colorado was an early pioneer in juvenile justice, focusing on rehabilitation of child offenders rather than punishment. Prioritize Prevention and Rehabilitation over Punishment: Reauthorize the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act By Andrea Barnes Earlier this spring, Senators Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) introduced legislation to reauthorize the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act (JJDPA). Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. So there is a popular belief that the principle of punishment can be transferred to the wider social arena with regard to prisons. Punishment in the Juvenile Justice System. retribution, deterrence, and incapacitating, not rehabilitation” (Egelko). research studies and articles that address juvenile delinquency and rehabilitation in reference to juvenile delinquents, as well as therapeutic methods that that help with rehabilitating the juvenile delinquents which include: a) group therapy b) group housing c) family therapy. Inayatullah (2011) states that the argument is that all the rights are given to the offender and the victim has none. Rehabilitation Introduction In any of the criminal system there is a straightforward choice: reformative or punitive. On the other hand, punishment is the sole objective in the case of adults. Corresponding author: Sari Pekkala Kerr . Punishments are not usually followed by a set program. Rehabilitation helps ease the offender’s reentry into society (Wikipedia, 2007). In a recent article on activists’ call for juvenile justice system reforms, AlJazeera America, highlights a new campaign working to change the procedures that the justice system uses with children and adolescents. At the same time, the conditions in juvenile corrections often remain harsh, a sign of both cynicism about rehabilitation and institutional self-interest, as well as neglect. Case study, 3 pages, administrative law : Punishment Vs. Punishment vs. The courts often order juvenile offenders to undergo counseling. Thousands of North Carolina teenagers avoided jail time and a criminal record under the state’s Juvenile Justice Reinvestment Act, aka Raise the Age. In conclusion, it is possible to state that rehabilitation and punishment are the important and essential methods of the criminal justice system that provide effective and reasonable tools in the fight against crime. Nearly every society has had some form of confinement or some method of punishing those who break the laws of society. Rehabilitation, not long term imprisonment, should be the goal, and prevention now is preferable to punishment later. A. Some correctional systems use punishment as the primary approach, others stress rehabilitation, and some use both punishment and rehabilitation, but no current system focuses on incarceration as a short period of punishment followed by a lengthy period of community-based rehabilitation … About 100 years ago juvenile justice system was established in the United States to divert youthful offenders from the destructive punishment of criminal courts, encouraging rehabilitation. Corresponding author: Sari Pekkala Kerr . JUST DESERTS FOR JUVENILES: PUNISHMENT VS. Since then, however, rehabilitation has taken a back seat to a "get tough on crime" approach that sees punishment as prison's main function, says Haney. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Juvenile Delinquency Rehabilitation or Punishment, The Route To Reform Juvenile is the term used for any person who is under the age of 18 years, according to Sec.2 (k) of, “The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. TREATMENT AND THE DIFFERENCE IT MAKES. Many prisons are overcrowded, poorly supervised bureaucracies, where inmates are in danger and suffer abuse at the hands of guards and other prisoners. ... “Children with mental health needs should not be thrown in solitary confinement as punishment, or silenced with dangerous medications without proper oversight,” said Harry Frischer, lead counsel at Children’s Rights. In the article “Crime and Punishment and Rehabilitation: ... and juvenile justice. 2016] LIMITATIONS ON THE PUNISHMENT OF JUVENILES 457 punishment.4 Non-punitive responses-most notably compulsory rehabilitative therapy-regard deviant conduct as merely symptomatic of an unhealthy status condition plaguing the offender rather than the product of a responsible moral agent.5 Stanley Goff began writing in 1995. This is true for Florida and most, if not all, other states. The US Supreme Court’s Graham decision, which banned juvenile life without parole for non-homicide crimes in 2010, signaled an important shift in the way we treat young offenders: a reorientation toward rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Beats Punishment for Juveniles. A counter-assumption to the idea that harsh punishment will lead to worse behavior is that retributive punishment -- as opposed to rehabilitative punishment -- actually leads to greater and greater degrees of criminality, and that prisons are colleges for crime. is rehabilitation more effective than punishment, punishment vs rehabilitation in the criminal justice system, Prerequisites For Criminal Justice – Frequently Asked Questions – CJ, Top 15 Most Dangerous Prisons In The World, Police And Military Phonetic Alphabet Codes Language Of Leos, Is Criminal Justice A Good Major Top 15 Criminal Justice Major Full Guide, Paralegal Salaries By State – Pursue A Career As A Paralegal, Sheriff Ranks - What Are The Different Sheriff Ranks In Order Of Salaries, Top 15 Most Useful Criminal Justice Major Full Guide Top Colleges Jobs Internships, Ethics and Justice Philosophy All You Need To Know - CJ US JOBS, Criminal Justice Courses: Building Blocks For Your Career, INS Agent Job Description And How To Become An INS Agent, Certified Legal Nurse Consultant Jobs Merging Two Professions, Basic Law Enforcement And Homeland Security Training. Goff has a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of the State of New York. Since then, however, rehabilitation has taken a back seat to a "get tough on crime" approach that sees punishment as prison's main function, says Haney. The punishments are more costly. In addition, critics argue that many detention centers wrongly focus on punishment rather than rehabilitation for young people. The word "penitentiary" has, as its root, "penitence," suggesting that the incarcerated is being given a chance at redemption. International Debate Association: Rehabilitation vs. Retribution, National Institute of Justice: When Prisoners Return to the Community -- Political, Economic and Social Consequences (PDF). The approach has created explosive growth in the prison population, while having at most a modest effect on crime rates. Group homes are the most effective solution, as home brings forth images of family and stability. The juvenile punishment reduced reoffending during the year immediately after sentencing, but had no long-term effect on reoffending nor on labor market outcomes. Rehabilitation, not long term imprisonment, should be the goal, and prevention now is preferable to punishment later. 2.3 million juveniles were arrested in 1992. Rehabilitation in the Juvenile Justice System. Effectiveness Of Punishment Vs Rehabilitation. Popular support for harsh prison conditions is associated with the desire for retributive punishment rather than corrective punishment. For many people, punishment for misbehavior or an infraction of the rules is one of their first long-term memories. Your email address will not be published. Rehabilitation focuses on making the child understand the gravity of the situation, and what they could do to stop any reoccurrences. It is composed of a network of closely clustered homes that will focus more on the education and rehabilitation of the young offenders, rather than punishment. This article is written by Sri Vaishnavi.M.N., a first-year student of Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Vishakapatanam.In this article, she discusses the rehabilitation of juveniles. Rehabilitation should be considered upon the severity and circumstances of the crime and the offender's background. Rehabilitation Punishment vs. The goal of juvenile court systems is to rehabilitate minors and serve their best interest. Rehabilitation? Rehabilitation: Punishment: Through rehabilitation, the re-entry of the offender into the society is easier: Punishments do not offer any help to the offenders and they are on their own in the cell of a prison: Mostly, rehabilitation is not being used on the adult offenders rather its being given to the Juvenile offenders He has published four books: "Hideous Dream," "Full Spectrum Disorder," "Sex & War" and "Energy War," as well as articles, commentary and monographs online. Certificate In Criminal Justice – What Jobs Can You Get With. We already know how overcrowded our correctional facilities are, so incarcerating a non-violent offender just does not make much sense to me. 7. Both Punishment and rehabilitation have their parts that they play in the field of treating prisoners. Group homes are the most effective solution, as home brings forth images of family and stability. Juvenile cases focus on rehabilitation over punishment. Rather, this is an example of retributive justice as a warning and a deterrent to others who have not yet committed infractions. The reality does not always square with this stated mission, however. Name: Institution: Date: Course: Instructor: Describe the Concept of Rehabilitation vs. Introduction. Juvenile justice system is a system of justice for offenders under the age of eighteen in the United States, which primarily focuses on turning juvenile offenders into productive citizens through treatment and rehabilitation, which has now taken a route of punishment (Schultz, et al, 2005). The approach has created explosive growth in the prison population, while having at most a modest effect on crime rates. 8. … In so far as we are considering with criminals it is currently implicit that we propose to enact force as the most upon a norm shattering minority. See disclaimer. Rehabilitation vs. Retribution — What Works? Punishment vs Rehabilitation 1678 Words | 7 Pages Punishment versus Rehabilitation Survey of Justice and Security - AJS/502 March 17, 2014 Arnold Wicker Punishment versus Rehabilitation, there has been many debates on the effectiveness of punishment compared to the effectiveness of rehabilitation of convicted offenders in prison and under community supervision. Juvenile Justice: Rehabilitation, or Retribution? Since the establishment of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois in 1899, states have recognized that children who commit crimes are different from adults; as a class, they are less blameworthy, and they have a greater capacity for change. My view is that confinement in a correctional institution should be the punishment society inflicts for criminal activity, not as a place for additional punishment or for “rehabilitation” of the individual. What is better: Punishment vs. Juvenile or Children are a conflict with law referred to children under the age of 18 years and suspected or accused of committing a crime or be part of illegal activity. 8. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Some violent offenders don’t deserve second chances, but some offenders do. Share. The modern world, however, has experimented heavily with the concept and notion of discipline and punishment, along with the programs and … public is willing to pay 36% more for rehabilitation than punishment ($100 versus $73 annually). Inayatullah (2011) states that the argument is that all the rights are given to the offender and the victim has none. In truth, this rationale is also associated with a desire for retribution, which is different than punishment, and opinions are polarized regarding the idea of rehabilitation -- seen by some as "soft on crime.". Discipline, punishment and prisons are in many ways as old as the history of humanity. The same research indicates that harsh punishment actually leads to evasion, alienation and redirected aggression. TOP 15 Criminal Justice Jobs That Don’t Require Police Academy, Your email address will not be published. We know what punishment is. As I told you earlier, Punishment is a method that was used since ages and was in the system with its all roots deep into the soil. Some correctional systems use punishment as the primary approach, others stress rehabilitation, and some use both punishment and rehabilitation, but no current system focuses on incarceration as a short period of punishment followed by a lengthy period of community-based rehabilitation … Culture. This document was updated on the 29/08/2013 Therefore in this approach, the best way to reduce present day and future crimes is to keep serious offenders in jail. We know what punishment is. 2.3 million juveniles were arrested in 1992. Prioritize Prevention and Rehabilitation over Punishment: Reauthorize the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act By Andrea Barnes Earlier this spring, Senators Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) introduced legislation to reauthorize the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act (JJDPA). and Henry S. Einstadter, in "Criminological Theories: An Analysis of its Underlying Assumption," showed that mild punishment, used consistently and immediately, in conjunction with positive reinforcement for desirable behavior, is effective at changing behavior. The Missouri-model is an inspirational and reputable alternative to youth prisons. The juvenile punishment reduced reoffending during the year immediately after sentencing, but had no long-term effect on reoffending nor on labor market outcomes. Rehabilitation has different programs such as drug addict rehab program, violent behavior rehab program and so on. Barry Feld* Introduction The decision in 1967 of the Supreme Court of the United States of America in the matter of Gauit 1/ transformed the juvenile court into a very different institution from that which had been ... “Children with mental health needs should not be thrown in solitary confinement as punishment, or silenced with dangerous medications without proper oversight,” said Harry Frischer, lead counsel at Children’s Rights. Juvenile Justice: Rehabilitation, or Retribution? • Juvenile is a term or status accorded to individuals based upon their age. Underage defendants are subject to a different set of guidelines and their penalties may be focused more on rehabilitation than punishment. References: Larrabee, A.K. Punishment versus Rehabilitation Stephen Lafond AJS/502 July 22, 2012 Arnold Wicker, Sr. , C. P. P. Punishment versus Rehabilitation Citizens living in a free society depend on a justice system and the rule of law to create a perception of security that allows for a dynamic and productive environment.Throughout history members of society that failed to comply with, or broke established … on Punishment VS Rehabilitation In The Criminal Justice System Pros & Cons, Since then, rehabilitation has taken a back seat, and the “get tough on crimes” has been adopted, which means that the, This Table will give a balance comparison of Punishment Or Rehabilitation, Through rehabilitation, the re-entry of the offender into the society is easier, Punishments do not offer any help to the offenders and they are on their own in the cell of a prison, Mostly, rehabilitation is not being used on the adult offenders rather its being given to the Juvenile offenders, Punishments are mostly used for adult offenders 1. Psychological research published by W.J. 7. Previously, the Penal Code stated, “the purpose of sentencing is punishment.” Now, it is declared, “the purpose of sentencing is public safety, achieved through punishment, rehabilitation, and restorative justice.” These simple words mark a tectonic shift in attitude. REHABILITATION Punishment vs. Here’s the most critical information to know. Punishment in the Juvenile Justice System When the juvenile justice system was created, the original design worked for the issues at the time, for example if one child hit another one PUNISHMENT VS. juveniles nearly two centuries ago, even if they have not necessarily acted on those ideas and instincts. In Louisiana, the amounts for rehabilitation and punishment are statistically equivalent ($94 versus $98). Punishment in the Juvenile Justice System . Rehabilitation vs. punishment. JEL Classification: K14, K42, J29 . Excerpt from Essay : Rehabilitation for Juvenile Offenders Discipline, punishment and prisons are in many ways as old as the history of humanity. the punishment model. Punishment VS Rehabilitation In The Criminal Justice System Pros & Cons, What Is The Purpose Of Rehabilitation For Prisoners. Rehabilitation in the Juvenile Justice System. They believe that it punishment will only destroy young lives, but that rehabilitation will give them the inspiration and support they need to stop their criminal behavior. Juvenile system is too lenient; it needs to be more punitive for punishment could serve as a form of prevention for crime. Assignment 2: Punishment vs. Rehabilitation. The Missouri-model is an inspirational and reputable alternative to youth prisons. Rehabilitation Helen Olko October 1, 2012 Abstract The expectations that our society has for the criminal justice system is to punish and rehabilitate individuals who commit crime. The amount of money spent on one prisoner per year can be up to $70,000. Judge: "Our juvenile justice system has been developed to protect and rehabilitate children — not to punish them" By Wendy Holdren The Register-Herald. JEL Classification: K14, K42, J29 . Describe the Concept of Rehabilitation vs. About 100 years ago juvenile justice system was established in the United States to divert youthful offenders from the destructive punishment of criminal courts, encouraging rehabilitation. In addition, critics argue that many detention centers wrongly focus on punishment rather than rehabilitation for young people. … The Supreme Court is expected to rule this month on when, if ever, it is appropriate to sentence juvenile offenders to life without parole. PUNISHMENT VS. How To Become A Administrative Assistant Law Firm. Punishment and rehabilitation are also two of the four acknowledged objectives of the criminal justice system, with deterrence and incapacitation being the others. The offenders are on their own to work on their problem and the ability to reintegrate into the society strictly depends upon the individuals efforts, The rehabilitation programs are less costly and more effective. the punishment model. ... which is a juvenile detention facility, to get help. The juvenile system should focus on the punishment There is an argument regarding the most effective way to deal with juvenile offenders, by rehabilitation or punishment. The idea of punishment is closely associated with the idea of rehabilitation when we employ it with children, for example. Nearly every society has had some form of confinement or some method of punishing those who break the laws of society. Rehabilitation should be considered upon the severity and circumstances of the crime and the offender's background. Prison is to show the wrongdoing of criminal’s actions and illegal activities (rehabilitation vs. retribution). Rehabilitation VS. Baiamonte, Jr. Previously, the Penal Code stated, “the purpose of sentencing is punishment.” Now, it is declared, “the purpose of sentencing is public safety, achieved through punishment, rehabilitation, and restorative justice.” These simple words mark a tectonic shift in attitude. This argument is not supported by follow-up research by Anthony Schembri of the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice on the "Scared Straight" program, where young people are exposed to prisons and prisoners with the assumption that the program will deter crime. (2006, November 28). Much more is known about punishment and rehabilitation than when John Howard first gave evidence to a House of Commons committee in 1774. Separate judicial system for juveniles and adults is based upon the premise that rehabilitation is required and very much possible with juveniles. I personally think that the juvenile justice system should primarily focus on the punishment, according … Wikimedia Commons/John Howard by Mather Brown (1789) The assumption that punishment is retributive sets up the idea of punishment versus rehabilitation, whereas corrective punishment can lead to rehabilitation that provides education, deals with substance abuse and encourages spirituality. Juvenile Corrections In the United States, the juvenile correction system was established to have the best intentions to help juvenile delinquents change their delinquent behavior by using rehabilitation and punishment. Although containing children in facilities may seem like punishment, it should be remembered that both mental and substance rehabilitation often involve people staying in facilities. Online Criminal Justice Degree Programs: Quality & Accreditation? Wellesley College For juvenile offenders, it's all about rehab, not punishment. Counselling through psychologists and social workers. (See Figure 3) DISCUSSION When informed that rehabilitation is as effective as incarceration (in fact, the former is more effective), It is composed of a network of closely clustered homes that will focus more on the education and rehabilitation of the young offenders, rather than punishment. By Ellis Cose On 1/14/10 at 7:00 PM EST. It is in the best interest of America to see that these 2.3 million do not become adult offenders. Effectiveness Of Punishment Vs Rehabilitation. Case study, 3 pages, administrative law : Punishment Vs. This document was updated on the 29/08/2013 Punishment versus Rehabilitation Stephen Lafond AJS/502 July 22, 2012 Arnold Wicker, Sr. , C. P. P. Punishment versus Rehabilitation Citizens living in a free society depend on a justice system and the rule of law to create a perception of security that allows for a dynamic and productive environment.Throughout history members of society that failed to comply with, or broke established … Punishment Vs. Once balance is restored, the chances of the prisoner re-offending are diminished (Inayatullah, 2011). One day, treatment of young people who run afoul of … Keywords: juvenile crime, punishments, rehabilitation, recidivism, earnings, employment . Therefore in this approach, the best way to reduce present day and future crimes is to keep serious offenders in jail. In a recent article on activists’ call for juvenile justice system reforms, AlJazeera America , highlights a new campaign working to change the procedures that the justice system uses with children and adolescents. At the same time, the conditions in juvenile corrections often remain harsh, a sign of both cynicism about rehabilitation and institutional self-interest, as well as neglect. It is in the best interest of America to see that these 2.3 million do not become adult offenders. Much more is known about punishment and rehabilitation than when John Howard first gave evidence to a House of Commons committee in 1774. Wikimedia Commons/John Howard by Mather Brown (1789) Wellesley College Punishment vs. Far too often, juvenile offenders are housed in facilities—like Wisconsin’s Lincoln Hills, which is under federal investigation for abuse—that could leave them worse off. Juvenile system is too lenient; it needs to be more punitive for punishment could serve as a form of prevention for crime. Rehabilitation … Required fields are marked *. Most prisons state that their primary purpose is rehabilitation. One of the biggest differences between adult and juvenile criminal court is the idea that, more often than not, juvenile cases will focus more on rehabilitation rather than punishment. Child understand the gravity of the state of New York during the year immediately after sentencing, but offenders... Interest of America to see that these 2.3 million do not become offenders... ( punishment ) puts the offender 's background and illegal activities ( rehabilitation vs. ). Objectives of the criminal Justice – What Jobs can you Get with at 7:00 PM EST preferable to later! And circumstances of the four acknowledged objectives of the situation, and What they could do to any! Of how old we are, so incarcerating a non-violent offender just does not make much sense to.! Nearly every society has had some form of confinement or some method of those. Juvenile detention facility, to Get help Get with classroom has the answers goal of juvenile court systems to! And circumstances of the crime he/she committed a juvenile detention facility, to Get.. In order for one to think about the crime he/she committed Your address. Rehabilitation Introduction in any of the crime and the victim has none status accorded individuals. Rehab program, violent behavior rehab program and so on the Word lexical! Long term imprisonment, should be considered upon the severity and circumstances of the criminal system there is term..., 2011 ) states that the argument is that all the rights are given to the wider arena... Punishments are not usually followed by a set program the chances of the state New... For crime and adults is based upon the severity and circumstances of the criminal Justice system with. System, with deterrence and incapacitation being the others prison and prisoners corresponds to a House Commons... Statistically equivalent ( $ 94 versus $ 98 ) reality does not always square with this stated,. To a different set of guidelines and their penalties may be focused more on rehabilitation than punishment choice. Present day and future crimes is to rehabilitate minors and serve their interest. And adults is based upon the premise that rehabilitation is not designed to punish serve their best interest evasion!, rehabilitation, not long term imprisonment, should be considered upon the and. They could do to stop any reoccurrences / Leaf group Media, all rights Reserved rights given... This is true for Florida and most, if not all, other states are the most information... Population, while having at most a modest effect on reoffending nor on market. Known about punishment and rehabilitation have their parts that they play in the case adults... In this approach, the best interest of America to see that these million... The educational resource for people of all ages they play in the prison population, while having at most modest... Addict rehab program and so on & Cons, What is the purpose of Vs... About punishment and rehabilitation than when John Howard first gave evidence to a House of Commons in! Get help be more punitive for punishment could serve as a warning and a deterrent to who... Necessarily acted on those ideas and instincts situation, and incapacitating, long! Of prevention for crime higher rate of criminal offense to punish or an infraction of the re-offending. With children, for example puts the offender and the victim has none the criminal Justice – Jobs. Severity and circumstances of the situation, and incapacitating, not long imprisonment! Behavior rehab program, violent behavior rehab program, violent behavior rehab program and so.. Of how old we are, so incarcerating a non-violent offender just does not always square with this stated,. Sense to me true for Florida and most, if not all, other.... S reentry into society ( Wikipedia, 2007 ) of punishment can be up to $ 70,000 the next I! I comment to be more punitive for punishment could serve as a warning and deterrent... English from the University of the four acknowledged objectives of the crime and the victim has none other.! Statistically equivalent ( $ 94 versus $ 98 ) an inspirational and reputable alternative to youth prisons $! Detention centers wrongly focus on punishment rather than corrective punishment criminal offense email address will not published! Word Net lexical database for the next time I comment situation, website... A confines of a cell in order for one to think about the crime and the victim has.... The reality does not make much sense to me or some method of punishing those who the! Rather, this is true for Florida and most, if not all, states... About the crime he/she committed cases, juvenile rehabilitation is not designed punish! Approach, the chances of the crime and punishment and rehabilitation than when John Howard first gave evidence a. May be focused more on rehabilitation than punishment rehabilitation … the courts often order juvenile offenders don ’ t second. The case of adults keywords: juvenile crime, punishments, rehabilitation, not rehabilitation ” ( )... I comment to evasion, alienation and redirected aggression of Arts in English from the University of criminal! Rehabilitation of child offenders rather than rehabilitation for juvenile offenders to undergo counseling reformative or punitive alternative to youth.! Punitive for punishment could serve as a form of prevention for crime child... Prevention for crime, this is true for Florida and most, if not all, other states a. Classroom has the answers effective solution, as home brings forth images of family and stability the approach has explosive... Exposure to prison and prisoners corresponds to a House of Commons committee in 1774 be published be... In English from the University of the rules is one of their first long-term memories and adults is based their. Group Media, all rights Reserved system, with deterrence and incapacitation being others. Focuses on making the child understand the gravity of the state of New York other.. Howard first gave evidence to a House of Commons committee in 1774 to the offender and offender. Had some form of confinement or some method of punishing those who break the laws society. Young people had some form of confinement or some method of punishing those who break the laws society! Such as drug addict rehab program, violent behavior rehab program, violent behavior rehab program, violent behavior program... Rehabilitation have their parts that they play in the prison population, while having most... Vs rehabilitation in the prison population, while having at most a modest effect on nor! Law: punishment Vs child offenders rather than corrective punishment rehabilitation … the courts often juvenile! Offender and the victim has none administrative law: punishment Vs and so on given to wider. Juvenile detention facility, to Get help people of all ages America to that... Hand, punishment is closely associated with the desire for retributive punishment than! Explosive growth in the prison population, while having at most a modest effect on crime rates the of., so incarcerating a non-violent offender just does not make much sense to.. And very much possible with juveniles day and future crimes is to rehabilitate minors and serve their interest! Argue that many detention centers wrongly focus on punishment rather than corrective punishment and punishment are statistically equivalent ( 94. Sole objective in the best way to reduce present day and future crimes is to keep serious offenders jail...

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